According to the latest Quebec legislation in effect (Clean Air Regulation Act, CAR or RAA in french), when building a new plant or an extension of for an existing work, the Ministry of Environment can request an atmospheric dispersion model. This to ensure that criteria listed in the CAR by-law are satisfied.
The aluminum industry has specific needs for atmospheric dispersion modeling. Electrolysis plants, for example, have many point sources and diffuse emissions and concentration area (isocontours) may have to be determined around these plants.
The challenge in this issue was to gather all software capable of processing such specific parameters, i.e. several point sources or diffuse emissions and establishing the most relevant for this application.
Amongst these softwares and models, three were adapted and validated for their use in the aluminum industry's specific conditions. These models are SCST3, AERMOD and CALPUFF.
More specifically, the AERMOD and CALPUFF models were used to model realistic and representative atmospheric dispersions.
The simulation results have shown regulatory compliance for all critical pollutants. Concentration area (isocontours) were determined around the works and risk-prone areas were identified for some of the pollutants.
Environmental impact assessment